warriorsavant: (Infantry haircut)
Not reading as much as I used to, so doubly appreciative when I find interesting ones that effect me. Trying to write my feelings about these books, I realize I'm not expressing them well, but not sure will be able to refine it any better.

GI Jews by Deborah Dash Moore. (WWC) gave it to me. Relates the stories of Jewish GI's in WWII, mostly through oral histories with a dozen or so from different areas. Prior to WWII, the concept of ecumenicalism barely existed in the US, and even the concept of the US having a "Judeo-Christian" basis didn't exist. The US was viewed as Protestant, even if those other "weird" people (Catholics and Jews) were around. The military deliberately set out to create a sense of "we're all in this together," "we're a Judeo-Christian nation." That didn't sit well with everyone, but too bad, we had a war to fight. (Side note, compare current concerns with Moslems in the US military.) Jews served in numbers proportional to their representation in the US population. The general view of Jewish men was that they would not be good Soldiers/fighters: cerebral instead of physical, scrawny, unaggressive, not manly in the cliched, robust American sense. Much to the surprise of the military and themselves, they proved to be neither more nor less good Soldiers than anyone else. By so serving, they forged a new identity for themselves as "Americans and also Jews" (as opposed to Jews who happened to live in America), and helped forge concept of the US as "Judeo-Christian" and what today we'd call "multi-cultural." (Sorry for all the quote marks, rather needed.) They still faced prejudice, sometimes enormous amounts of it. Sometimes they overcame it, sometimes they didn't. By the time I got to the military, most of this was already established, but could still feel echoes of it: the "am I (are Jews) manly" in that sense?; are we really all one big family?; of negative reactions to me, how much was anti-Semitism? I'm proud of where the Army is in modern life. When I Commanded a NYC-based unit, I could say we were one of the most multi-cultural units in the Army… possibly in all of history. On the other hand, we were all one culture: we were all US Soldiers. "We all wear green, we all bleed red."

Combat Doctor by Marc Dauphin. He was an ER doctor and Canadian Army Reservist who mobilized to the NATO Role 3 Hospital in Kandahar, Afghanistan (then under Canadian Command, but multi-national staffing). He was appointed as Officer Commanding (As opposed to the Commanding Officer, which meant that he was in charge of day-to-day operations, not… oh heck, too confusing to explain, he was in charge of lots of stuff as well as actually treating patients himself.) This one evoked a lot of feelings. Some thinking about my time deployed, bringing back memories of what I'd seen. Some of that is a sense of pride in my service and an abstract camaraderie with others who've served. Some a longing to go back (have zero thoughts of actually doing so and leaving my family!). Some giving me feelings of inadequacy, in that the Role 3 was a major trauma center (possibly the busiest and most successful in the world at the time), and what I did and saw was small potatoes in comparison.
warriorsavant: (Infantry haircut)
images
Attended the Remembrance Day ceremony at the Cenotaph at Place Du Canada in downtown Montreal. I closed my office for 2 hours to be able to attend. Speeches were made, wreaths were laid, helicopters did a fly-over, artillery fired a 21-gun salute... all of which trivial compared to the 2-minutes of silence.

Two pictures )

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

warriorsavant: (Books (Trinity College Library))
In is Canadian Thanksgiving (Monday observance).

I have so much to be thankful for.

- My family. I could not believe I could be this happy, nor love having children so much. I get weepy just thinking about it.
- My family of birth. We don't seem close, but when I look at other families, I realize how good we have it.
- My extended family. They are loving and supportive.
- My job. I love what I do: 90% of the time, I basically like it; 5% of the time, I think they aren't, and couldn't pay me enough to put up with the cruddy parts; but 5% of the time, I can't believe I get to do this cool stuff, and they even pay me.
- I'm healthy. Not perfectly healthy, but way better than the average 60-year old.
- I live in a free and wealthy country. Even at the worst, it's a great place to live, and I have it far from "the worst."
- I was born, and still a citizen of, another great, free, and wealthy country. Ditto the above. (And both of these, despite the idiots we have as leaders.)
- I served in the military for a long time. Deployed 4 times to war zones. It was truly an honour. (And I'm physically unscathed.)
- I have a lovely, comfortable condo in a good part of a great city, and will soon by moving into a lovely, comfortable, large house in another good part of this city.
- I have enough to eat, and can eat with great variety and delicious taste whenever I want.
- I have traveled the world. I'm (mostly) bilingual. Having a second language gives one a second soul.
- I can read, and have books as my companions whenever I want.

I am so lucky.

D-Day

Jun. 6th, 2016 11:17 am
warriorsavant: (Infantry haircut)
Today is the 72nd anniversary of the most complicated military operation in history. A moment of solemn reflection please, for the American, British, & Canadian Soldiers who stormed ashore on that day.
warriorsavant: (Composite)
(Info passed to me by [livejournal.com profile] ravensron All statistics and numbers verified by the highly scientific method of "yeah, sounds good to me.")

Historical evidence is that the murder rate (at least in what we consider the western world) is 1/30 of what it was in 13th century.  Wars in the 17th century killed 2% of the population, wars in the 20th killed .7%.  But, I hear you say, isn't killing so much easier now that we have reliable guns?  I'm glad you asked:
The number of physicians in the USA is 700,000
Accidental deaths caused by physicians per year = 120,000, according to conservative estimate from federal Dept. of Health and Human Services.
Accidental deaths/physician thus = .171
The number of gun owners in the USA is 80,000,000
Accidental deaths caused by guns per year = 1500
Accidental deaths/gun owner = .0000188
Thus, we see doctors are approximately 9,000 times more dangerous than gun owners!
Remember: "Guns don't kill people, doctors do!"
Important fact: Not everyone has a gun, but just almost everyone has at least one doctor. Please alert your friends to this alarming threat.   We must institute doctor-control before this gets completely out of hand! OUT OF CONCERN FOR THE PUBLIC AT LARGE,  WE HAVE WITHHELD STATISTICS ON LAWYERS FOR FEAR THE GREAT SHOCK WOULD CAUSE PEOPLE TO PANIC...AND SEEK TO GO TO DOCTORS.

Some related notes:
1. With my military medical career, I'm often asked if I've killed anyone. I'm never sure if they are asking if I'm a compentent marksman, or incompetent doctor. (BTW: yes to the first, no to the second, and in fact, so far as I know, I've never killled anyone, except in the comedic sense of "killing" your audience.)
2. Was eventually going to do a post about this, but don't have the time to structure a good one. However, simply put, these numbers also support my point, that contrary to the "sky is falling" school of modern life, that the chances of being killed by murder, terrorism, or war, is the lowest it's ever been in history. Watch less TV news, read more history; it gives great prespective and comfort.
warriorsavant: (Sword & Microscope 1)
Monday
I am attending the World Congress of Dermatology, which is the world's biggest Derm convention, although it only happens once every 4 years (the American Academy of Derm winter meeting is the biggest annual one). It's in Vancouver this year, so in effect Canada is hosting, so I feel obligated to attend and support the home team. I also need to get caught up on my CME. Most years I get about 3 times the required amount, but I've been rather busy the past 14 months or so.

In a way, I’m not happy about going. This is the first time I'll be away, leaving my family alone, since Nom's been pregnant. I was away for a few days early January of this year (Army reunion). Hedgefund had been born, but was less mobile than now, and Nom wasn't pregnant. We'll all get over it, but I was highly ambivalent about going, even if Nom did give me a hall pass.

En route )

First day there )
warriorsavant: (Venice)
Went to MBAM (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal) this past weekend.* It was the last weekend for "VAN GOGH TO KANDINSKY, Impressionism to Expressionism, 1900-1914." It focused on the development of these styles of art, from the one to the other, and the creative cross-fertilization between the French and German schools, and also the abrupt ending of that interplay upon the outbreak of WWI.

The exhibit was laid out very nicely to show how one style lead into the next. I really got a sense of the evolutionary continuity of these styles, much better than when I took art history in college. Some I just hadn't been exposed to before, for example, Gauguin's woodblocks I found much more interesting than his better-known paintings. Was also pleased that my artistic sense must be getting more discerning. When I'd go into each room, my eye would invariably be drawn to one or more paintings, which would invariably turn out to be the better-known ones of the more famous artists (he says proudly). I really enjoyed the exhibit.

The earliest years of the 20th century were a time of high European Civilization, where the intellectual classes thought that said culture (as exemplified by the Paris Exposition of 1900) transcended national boundaries and would only continue to grow and unify. Those dreams were dragged to earth by WWI.

That segués into the other exhibit we saw, "Patriotism of Death," propaganda posters from WWI.**  It’s a small exhibit, about 20 posters in one large room. Interesting though. Graphic art and using graphic arts for selling commercially were just coming into their own at that time. Notable differences between the styles of different nations. American ones were punchier: fewer words, simple but striking pictures. British and Canadian (English or French Canadian) were much wordier. German ones were in-between in wordiness, but somehow very heavy-feeling.


*We're members of MBAM. A dozen more and I can grow up to be [livejournal.com profile] oxymoron67, from who I shameless plagiarized the title.
**That was the exhibit had tried to see with PipeMajor, but was closed the day we went.
warriorsavant: (Signpost Ft. Benning)

When I was young, there were still a fair number of WWI Veterans around. When I saw an old Vet, I assumed WWI, and somewhere in my subconscious, I still do. There are almost none left anywhere in the world, and the “old men” I thought of were probably younger than most WWII Vets are now (such as my Dad), who themselves are dying off. Probably today, there are Vietnam Vets of the same age as those WWI vets from my childhood.

Speaking now as an American, VN definitely seared itself into the nation’s consciousness at the time, but for a child today, VN was longer ago than WWI was for me, and I doubt young’uns today would feel the sense of history that I felt about WWI Vets. I doubt Iraq & Afghanistan Vets will have the same impact on the nation’s consciousness, in that we represent too small a fraction of the populace. Besides “the Army’s at war, America is at the mall.”

Now putting on my Canadian hat, I do wear a Remembrance Day poppy, and have been doing so all week. Even though it is not an American custom, when I was in the Guard/Reserves in US, when I’d come down to drill, I’d wear one on my uniform. It is such a striking custom, plus John McCrae, who wrote “Flanders Fields,” was a McGill doctor. (Interesting character, look him up. Also referenced in the intro to this blog.)

Normally I observe a minute of silence at my office at 11:11. However today, there was a ceremony at the main campus of McGill, so I jumped in a cab and went. Was in the back and couldn’t see or hear much, but it was very meaningful for me to be there.



They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning,
We will remember them.
warriorsavant: (Sword & Microscope 1)
It's 11:11 on the 11th day of the 11th month. We just observed a moment of silence in the office.

It's more common to quote McCrae's Flanders Field's. I certainly identify with McCrae, but sometimes prefer A. E. Houseman's Epithet:
THESE, in the day when heaven was falling
The hour when earth's foundations fled,
Followed their military calling,
And took their wages, and are dead.
Their shoulders held the sky suspended;
They stood, and earth's foundations stay;
What God abandoned, these defended,
And saved the sum of things for pay.
images
Spare a thought for those who have gone before Gentle Reader, and for my brothers and sisters who are still downrange.
warriorsavant: (Me-composite)

Am now over half-a-year post-deployment and post-retirement. Have been looking back at my state of preadaptation. Overall, going well, but in my heart, I will always be a Soldier. Under the cut are extracts from two series of emails between me and B***. He is a nurse, and had been one of my subordinate Commanders prior to the Iraq and Afghan Wars. Although we are rarely actually in touch, we are kindred spirits in many ways. During my Iraq deployment, he sent me a pith helmet (I looked stunning in it, too bad the Army couldn’t see its way clear to adopting it as uniform standard). We click. He too had deployed, then retired, and found it difficult to readjust. Putting this here for whatever insights it may offer.

Read more... )Overall, Gentle Reader, I am doing well. I am more relaxed, highly productive, mostly happy (which is all that anyone can really ask from life). Still, I do miss it. Nothing evil ever happened to me while deployed in the dramatic, cinematic sense. Regardless, it will always be part of my soul, and part of my soul will always be "over the hills and far away."

warriorsavant: (Time)

A friend and I were talking about the recent movie Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy.  We’re both former military, and were comparing the current world situation (terrorism, etc) with the Cold War (which wasn’t really cold, but that’s another post). In essence, we were waxing nostalgic for the Cold War. In the movie, one of the characters is being nostalgic for WWII (as opposed to the then-current Cold War). Yes, everyone longs for the “good old days” no matter how terrible they were.

warriorsavant: (Default)
Background: War and Medicine is the title of the current exhibit at the new Canadian War Museum. Great exhibit, great museum (even if I did have to drive to Ottawa). Didn't really feel like getting on the road again this soon after I've gotten back, but the exhibit is closing soon. I'm a contributor to the museum, so I got free admission, VIP tour, and a behind the scenes tour, all of which was very cool. I don't get carried away with being a macher, but once in a while it's fun. The drive is usually rather boring, but there was good foliage, and drove out with DavidtheArchitect who is always good company (doubly so when appreciating the architecture of a new building). We got to go behind the scenes to the vaults with the uniforms and arms, and see where the did the cataloging and conservation work.
 
The Museum itself: Brilliant design (see http://www.warmuseum.ca/home/) No military equipment is displayed outside. They focused the design on the individual and the individual experience of war. The grounds are landscaped to look like a grown-over battlefield (eg undulating to represent lines of trenches, with depressions of old shell craters). The building has a fortress-like look, all angles and small windows, with a grass roof (both to be ecological and is if it were a camouflaged bunker). At night, one line of windows spell out the intials in Morse Code. The colors are subdued browns and greens and grays, like military gear. The floors and walls are not square - they are deliberately angled to give a feeling of being off-balance, since one is always off-balance in war. Some passages are narrowed, like passageways on a ship or a connecting passage in a bunker. One room, which has the headstone of the unknown Soldier (this was a Soldier from WWI, buried in France, and the headstone was moved from that cemetary) is very quite, with a reflecting pool, and 1 window. At 11:00 on November 11th, the sun through that window falls squarely on the headstone. (Canada, like most Commonwealth countries, holds great symbolism with the 11th hour motif of what they call Remembrance Day and America calls Veterans Day.)
 
War and Medicine exhibit: This too was brilliant, tracing military medical support from its earliest days to the modern era. Much of the factual part I already knew, but they presented it very well, very strikingly. I could identify with much of it - those are my boys and girls they're talking about, and my spiritual forebearers. Some of the modern equipment is the same as I'd carried one short month ago in Afghanistan.
warriorsavant: (Sword & Microscope 1)
COIN (COunter INsurgency) is fairly easy in concept, but there is a paradox. The easy part is the overview of how you do it. It's often called inkblots or bubbles or some such. It's slow, unglamorous, and not headline news stuff. Let's say you or I are the government. ("Welcome to the Happy Republic of Warriorsavant. Please don't mind the insurgency.") You put a small unit (section, team, platoon) in a village (or group of villages or a valley - details are important, but not for this post). They have to integrate into the life of the village, become a part of it, not sit outside. They have three tasks. These are semi-consecutive (actually, always do a bit of all of them at all times): first, directly defend the village; second, train the villagers to defend themselves (set up a militia/self-defense force); third, begin the process of providing governmental services.
 
The defense is straight-forward. Insurgents will stomp un-armed villagers, they are not so eager to tangle with real troops who are better armed and trained than they are. Somewhere on call you need a larger and more powerful unit in case the insurgents try to mass against your small unit and overrun it.
 
Self-defense force is not complicated. Any good NCO can do the training. The villagers don't like the insurgents, they don't like getting stomped on, robbed, or generally oppressed. Give them weapons and training and military leadership, and they can learn to do the job themselves. Remember, they know the terrain. It does take time for them to get good at it - months or even a couple of years - but self-reliance is the goal.
 
Providing limited governmental services goes to convincing the villagers that they have a stake in the government (it does stuff for them), as well as increases the economic base of the village (and they eventually pay taxes and the system becomes self-supporting). One thing Armies do that civilian agencies don't is provide ordinary services (food, water, electricity, supplies, etc) in extra-ordinary locations (ie: where there is no infrastructure). A simple example of what this hypothetical small unit can do is that the unit medic acts as a village health care worker.
 
The above is one inkspot or bubble. You have to do this in the next village, and the next, and the next. As the unit creates a positive influence over time, the "inkspot" grows; with time as you continue to add ink to each spot, and more spots on the map, these spots grow and merge. As the military stabilizes the situation, civilian agencies (police, health, education, etc) come in and replace the most of the military.
 
So what are the problems with this. First, it is not newsworthy. Headlines are about ground taken, cities captured, enemy formations destroyed, enemy leaders killed. COIN is mundane, little-at-a-time stuff. About as newsworthy as being told that students are in school and workers are working. Very ordinary stuff, but students learn and workers produce and society moves on.
 
Second is the paradoxical part. The above depends on small units doing the work, which means empowering small unit leadership. This is the war of captains and lieutenants and sergeants. This means you trust your people and believe in your people. It also means they believe in themselves and take initiative. We westerners (perhaps especially Americans) value self-reliance and initiative. Many societies don't. A society with belief in the individual and in initiative probably has already developed and is not facing an insurgency.
warriorsavant: (Me-composite)
If a rocket falls in the forest, and no one hears it go off, did it really happen? More to the point, if it is not reported in the press, will anyone care? Contrawise, if it does get reported, even if no one is hurt, do people still freak out?

The answer to the last question seems to yes: "OMG! They can shoot rockets at us!! The war is a complete failure!!!

Calm down world. Anybody can shoot a rocket at anybody. The glass is not half-empty, it's 95% full. Crime happens, that doesn't mean the police and the law are a failure; most people don't suffer from crime. Disease happens, that doesn't mean public health and preventive medicine are a failure; people live longer and healthier now than ever. Highway accidents happen, that doesn't mean driving is a failure; most of us get to our destinations safely. Look at the general rule, not the rare exception.

Some of that is the difference in reporting between eastern and western press. Eastern journalists, print or electronic, look at the big picture. Western journalists look at minutiae. I remember studying the reportage after an earthquake. Eastern reporters looked at the city as a whole, and most of it was intact; western reporters would take the tight shot of the handful of destroyed buildings. As a result, when eastern rescue workers arrived, they were appalled by the damage, because they were focused on the damaged areas, which weren't that evident in the reporting. Western rescue workers, on the other hand, were astonished that they had been flown in for a "disaster" that was hard to find when you were actually on the ground. Again, the question is not "glass half full or half empty," but "glass 95% full or 5% empty.

Clausewitz stated that "war is an act of violence to control the enemy's will." If you get panicked or have your world view skewed because of a rare act of violence, then you have allowed the enemy to beat you. I repeat: you have allowed the enemy to beat you. You've allowed it. And it applies to you, not me, not the facts on the ground. I'm still far more likely to be killed back home by ordinary crime or a motor vehicle accident than anything these bozos can throw at me here. I'd call that a success.
warriorsavant: (Default)
There was an attack in Qalat last evening. Was carried on AP wire service, but don't know if it was reported in any stateside papers. Probably not, as it was carried out with all the Taliban's usual inefficiency and lack of effect. According to the Taliban, they destroyed the provincial governor's palace and killed 17 Americans. According to AP – and to me, your 'reporter on the scene' – they attacked an American outpost, killed no one, and injured a couple of local by-standers. A few American and Afghan forces sustained very minor injuries. We could see and hear the attack from Lagman and some of the patients were brought here to be cared for. Yours truly is entirely unscathed.
warriorsavant: (Default)

Patients in a war zone:  It is not my job to see patients here – I'm more of a supervisor, administrator, advisor, and technical expert – but patients do happen, and sometimes I do see them. There are actual battle injuries, and what we in the business call DNBI ("Disease and Non-Battle Injury" – all the other stuff). There is more DNBI than combat casualties. Always has been throughout the history of warfare, and likely always will be. Today, there are relatively few deaths (from either) – if you survive the initial attack, we can likely save you. Since this is "low intensity" war (a.k.a. guerrilla war, insurgency, insert your own buzz word/euphemism), there are relatively few of those. All is relative. If it is you that is hit, it doesn't matter if it is full scale war, low intensity war, police action, or whatever; for you the rate is 100%.

 

The number of deaths from combat is greater than those from DNBI. This is new in the history of the world; historically up to 90% deaths were from DNBI. The death rate from BI has not gone up (it's gone way down), but the death rate from DNBI has gone down way more, to near-zero. Preventive Medicine are the unsung heroes of the modern military: immunizations, field sanitation, good food and water. Oddly enough, you can find the roots of this as far back as Deuteronomy, but that is another lecture.

 

 

Mini-treatise on military health care in theater under the cut )

 

warriorsavant: (Default)

Note the quote marks. They are there because "winning" is the wrong question. We (people in the western world) think of winning a war with a World War Two mentality. Y'know, "double-you-double-you-two," the "Big One," the "Good War." Those days (fortunately) are over. However troublesome terrorism is, it can't be compared to the 50-60 million people died in WWII. You can't have a "war" on terrorism (except in political rhetoric) any more than you can have a "war" on poverty or crime or highway accidents. A "war" in WWII sense that we think of, has a definite beginning, middle and end, rather like a wrestling match (Clausewitz compared war to that). At some point, all the shooting stops. Poverty and crime and highway accidents aren't like that; they are background facts of life. We can mitigate them, but they never go away. We don't say that we have "lost" to crime (or cancer, poverty, or highway accidents) just because a certain low level of these things always happen. Fighting terrorism is less like fighting a war and more like fighting crime; it's an on-going event.

 

So, how are we doing? According to news reports, terribly. Keep hearing about those insurgent attacks. Of course you hear about them. An attack is sudden and therefore "news," a fact the insurgents are aware of and exploit.* A not-attack is not news. Building capacity in Afghanistan (irrigation, education, medication, or any other –ation) is a slow process and therefore not "news," although it definitely is happening.

 

As for insurgents killing people, it's never a good thing, but let's look at a few numbers. Last year, insurgents killed about 2300 people in Afghanistan (although a certain amount of that are local vendettas being blamed on terrorists). This is in a country of at least 30-million people (UN numbers.) The US has about 10 times the population, so this would be the equivalent of 23,000 people/year being killed in the US. Sounds horrible, but let's put that in perspective. Traffic deaths last year were upwards of 30,000 people killed, and that is the lowest rate in 60 years. Clearly the antiwar protesters are focusing on the wrong issue: the US must withdraw from American highways! Oh, and the murder statistics for the US? Well, we're currently doing better than Afghanistan, with about 16,000 killed last year, but that is also the lowest its been in at least 20 years; the average over the past 2 decades is about 23,000/year, same as the "horrible" death rate in Afghanistan.

 

 

Hey news media, how does it feel to know you are the Taliban's btch?


warriorsavant: (Default)

Have been trimming my list of tags on lj. Noticed I had well over 300, many of them only used once. Slowly am weeding out the unused ones and am now below 300. Might even get it below 200 some day (doubt it, it's too much work). … Brought a few computer games for when I have down time. I like the sort where you build up your country (and take over the world). Realized there is something strange about playing a game where you fight/destroy things in the middle of a real war zone. … They do try to keep up with maintenance on the FOB. For instance, today they were fixing something in one of the latrines. They had to shut off the water to do it. Unfortunately, they forget to check if someone (me!) was inside doing his business. Had to search around for one that still had running water to wash my hands.


warriorsavant: (Staten Island Ferry)

I'm finally at my destination. Felt long getting here, but considering I'm on the other side of the world, in the middle of nowhere, it really wasn't too bad.

 

Rocket Attack:

Read more... )

 

Nation/capacity building:

Read more... )Read more... )

 

Rollover training:

Read more... )

 

Misc. stuff:

Read more... )

 

The travel itself:

Read more... )

 


warriorsavant: (Signpost Ft. Benning)

- We're all eager to be out of here. This is a holding/waiting time. Like much in the Army, it is "hurry up and wait," with big gaps of dead time. Only been here a few days and it feels like forever. We know that when were done here, it will not seem like anything big in retrospect, but it is annoying in the present. In short, I'm bored. I think boredom is part of the Army's secret way to make you want to go to war. Even though war is traditionally 99% boredom and 1% shear terror, we are at 100% boredom right now.

- I realize that I'm somewhat mentally from the Army already. We go across post, and I look at the facilities with a lack of sense of connection. I see sign – like much in the Army, an acronym – and I don't care what it stands for. Perhaps it is better to say that I am detaching from the army, because the Army will always be a part of me, and I of it.

- Part of what we do here is being issued gear. Part is medical and administrative checks (whether you are set up to get your pay, or whether you have gotten your immunizations). Part is training. Not in-depth about our jobs or Soldiering, but more a review of certain information that we have learned at various times in our careers.

   *  Some was done in advance on-line:

            Basic security like: ATAT (Anti-Terrorism Awareness Training) level 1, SAEDA (Subversion And Espionage Directed Against the Army), OPSEC (OPerational SECurity), reporting intelligence information

            Values/ethics such as: EO/POSH (Equal Opportunity/Prevention Of Sexual Harrassment), Army core values, no fraternization, prevention of trafficking in humans.

            Other: heat/cold injury prevention, ultural awareness briefing for the country you'll be deploying to

   *  Some is done here (either you didn't do it before, or they want to reinforce it, or has to specifically be done by a certain authority, or there's hands-on), including: LOW (Laws Of War), SHARP (Sexual Harrassment And Rape Prevention), weapons (re-)familiarization, recognition of IEDs, proper fitting of body armor.


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